The eighth round of CC meetings were convened in Geneva on May 30, 2022, for five days. The “Small Body” discussed four principles in the first four days which were suggested by different delegations.
The first principle discussed was the unilateral coercive measures imposed on the Syrian people. This principle suggested that the constitution include the state’s commitment to seek to lift unilateral coercive measures and to demand that the countries that imposed them (sanctions) pay appropriate compensation.
The second principle was about preserving and strengthening state institutions. It ensures that the authorities of the institutions are defined by the constitution and that undermining or threatening them internally or externally is an act punishable by law, emphasizing the responsibility of the army to protect the homeland.
The third principle focused on the supremacy of the constitution and the hierarchy of international agreements “The constitution is the supreme law of the state and no law or administrative instructions contrary to it can be issued. The principle also emphasized that international treaties establish obligations on the state and create rights for Syrian citizens, including commitments to international human rights conventions and treaties that should have higher precedence than the national laws, while the constitution takes precedence over any international treaties and laws”.
The fourth principle was on transitional justice, and the importance of having the state’s commitment to peace building by adopting a comprehensive approach to transitional justice. It also recommended that the Syrian state address past mistakes, war crimes, crimes against humanity and gross violations of human rights and ensure no repetition of human rights violations. Also, the approach must include the establishment of an independent transitional justice body that would oversee the implementation of a coherent and comprehensive set of judicial and non-judicial processes and measures based on national consultations.