The conference was hosted by the European Union and co-chaired by the United Nations. Building upon the previous conferences, Brussels III renewed its support to the political process and welcomed the new Special Envoy to Syria. Brussels III saw an unprecedented effort to involve Syrian and international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) throughout the preparations and the three days of the Conference. The conference put a special emphasis on Syrian women and on organizations representing their views and recognized their importance in efforts to bring sustainable peace to Syria. The Days of Dialogue brought over 1,000 participants, including representatives from more than 400 Syrian, regional and international NGOs/CSOs, to the Brussels Hemicycle of the European Parliament for a one-and-a-half-day interactive exchange with Ministers and senior officials from refugee-hosting countries, donors and UN agencies. Syrian civil society organizations also met in closed-door sessions on the margins of the Conference to exchange views on the future of Syria and the political process in Geneva.4.2.4 Brussels IV Conference, June 30th, 2020:
The Fourth Brussels Conference took place on 30 June 2020 in a virtual format due to the spread of COVID-19. The Conference was preceded by virtual Days of Dialogue and by a week of side events. The Conference brought together 84 delegations including 57 States, 10 regional organizations and International Financial Institutions as well as 17 UN agencies. In spite of the logistical challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, Brussels IV saw an impressive effort to reach out to civil society representatives in Syria and the region. More than 1400 organizations were consulted on all key topics pertaining to the international response to the Syria conflict throughout the preparations for the Conference. Two Days of Dialogue were held virtually on 22 and 23 June where Syrian, Jordanian, Lebanese, Turkish and international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) interacted with Ministers and senior officials from refugee-hosting countries, the EU and UN agencies. A diverse group of Syrian civil society organizations also met in closed-door sessions of the Civil Society Support Room (CSSR) on the margins of the Conference to exchange views on the future of Syria, the political process in Geneva, and the needs and challenges facing Syrian civil society.